Writing a project background is a crucial part of the Proposal. A donor should know beforehand of the general situation of the area before going through all the projects plans and strategies. It helps the donors to picture well of project area and about the importance of the project. In order to make your proposal stronger and realistic, the reliable data and information helps donor to be clear with the reasoning of your project idea. You also show that all the assumptions you make about your projects results are based on real facts.
Following our previous example for Nepal, here is a sample project background for India. Please feel free to use this sample in your own proposals but be sure to change some data according to your specific situation and your project.
Sample project background for India
The Indian sub-continent is a land diverse in geography, people, language, and culture. India is the seventh largest country by areas and second most populous country in the world. It shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Bangladesh, and the Indian Ocean. The capital of India is New Delhi. Pollution, particularly in the capital and other large cities, is a persistent problem. While the nation has made great economic progress in recent decades, hundreds of millions of people still live in dire poverty.
According to the CIA World Factbook, the population of India was 1.28 billion in 2017. The Asian Development Bank reports that the country’s population density is 395 people per square km. 33.5% of the population lives in urban areas while 66.5% still live in rural areas. 21.9% live underneath the poverty line and only 71.2% of the population is literate.
About 47% Indians are involved in the Agriculture sector, 22% in Industry and 31% in Services. However, agriculture only contributes 16.8% to GDP (compare 28.9% for industry and 46.6% for services).
According to the Asian Development Bank the fertility rate of India is 2.4 births per woman. The maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births is 174. Child marriage is a big problem in India; UNICEF data states that 27% of women are married by age 18.
The prevalence of stunting of children under 5 years of age due to malnutrition is 35.7%
India ranks 131 in the Human Development Indicators according to the Human Development Reports and ranks 125 in the Gender Inequality Index of the United Nations Development Programme. India ranks 81 among 180 countries according to Transparency International Organization.
This is an example that you can use in case if it is fitting for your project. The sources of information have plenty of more reliable data that you could use to adjust this sample to your needs. Other sources that you could use are the OECD, World Bank or the UN.
Additional statistics included below. Unless otherwise indicated, the data was retrieved from the CIA World Factbook.
- Population: 1,281,935,911 people
- Density: 395 people per square km (Asian Development Bank)
- Area (Rural/ Urban): 66.5% /33.5%
- Under poverty line: 21.9%
- Literacy rate: 71.2%
- Average total years of schooling: 12 years
- Average years of schooling (male / female): 12 / 12 years
- Average life expectancy: 68.8 years
- Child mortality: 39.1 deaths per 1,000 live births
- Maternal mortality: 174 deaths per 100,000 live births
- Stunting/malnourishment rate in children: 35.7%
- Fertility rate: 2.43 children born per woman
- Most important sectors: Agriculture, Industry, Services
- GDP: $2.439 trillion
- Unemployment rate: 8.8%
- % of forested area: 23.1%
- Number of National Parks: 103 ( National parks)
- Rank Gender Equality Index: 0.530 (UNDP)
- Child marriage rate: 27% ( UNICEF)
- Human Development Index: 0.624 (UNDP )
- Corruption rank: 81/176 (Transparency.org)
- Ease of Doing Business score: 60.76 ( Doing Business)
Please note that this information won’t be enough for all project backgrounds. For instance, if you are writing proposal to address socio-economic issues of Odisha state, then also include more reliable and latest data of the particular state. The sources listed in this article will still be of use.