How can digital risks be minimized where forcibly displaced persons are accessing connectivity services or engaging in online activities? If you have a solution, participate in this ‘Enabling safe access to digital spaces’ challenge launched by UNHCR.
UNHCR’s Digital Inclusion Programme recognizes the right that refugees and other forcibly displaced populations have to actively participate in the current digital revolution. Humanitarian contexts further deteriorated by the COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the critical importance of a connected refugee community that can efficiently access vital information and life-saving protection services remotely.
Digital literacy is vital to ensuring that individuals can safely, effectively and efficiently use technology. Lack of relevant digital skills and knowledge remains among the main barriers to accessing connectivity services worldwide. In an age where societies as a whole are digitizing rapidly and humanitarian assistance is increasingly being provided through remote digital channels, the importance of addressing this skills gap is vital in ensuring communities are able to navigate often new and unfamiliar digital engagements.
Furthermore, data literacy is specifically important as community members not only understand the systems and platforms they’re using, but what happens to the data they’re generating or providing, how this is processed and by whom. Critically, there are also different ways of addressing such challenges ranging from more top-down ‘campaigns’ to bottom-up communitydriven approaches to enhancing understanding.
Scope and objectives
The main objective of this challenge is to build on previous efforts by humanitarian and partner organizations in this space and to ensure sustainable access to connectivity for refugees and their hosting communities to address real and perceived digital risks and guarantee a safe, inclusive and responsible engagement online – considering specific risks and barriers faced by different groups based on age, gender or demographic.
- This will depend on the specific challenge but generally they are unable to provide more than USD 50,000 to ensure that a number of different country operations can benefit from the available support.
Risks do not end with a digitally and data literate population. Other possible risks span across a variety of areas such as:
- Secure Connections: The majority of connectivity accessed by refugees or forcibly displaced persons is provided through cellular connections operated by Mobile Network Operators. In certain contexts however, connectivity is provided through WiFi hotspots, connected community centres and other local solutions. The specific nature of these connections can lead to risks:
- Is any content filtering in place?
- How long is data retained for when refugees are using hotspots?
- Are these local networks secure or vulnerable to attacks?
- How are such centres governed and by whom? Simple measures can be taken to manage security risks to local network infrastructure;
- Digital Surveillance:
- How is personal information being used online – consciously or unconsciously?
- How might third parties monitor, record and use a population’s digital footprint and online behaviour?
- How aware are PoCs about this and how it could affect them in the future when seeking support or solutions?
- Securing Access: Online accounts and personal devices contain valuable personal information but often these are not protected adequately, for example passwords or account information being shared without necessarily understanding the risks. Being aware of how to manage passwords, security and privacy settings, and the broader implications of sharing access credentials for either connections or services is vital to minimize chance of illegitimate access;
- Cybercrime: Can take various forms like online identity theft, financial fraud, stalking, bullying, hacking, email spoofing, information piracy and forgery and intellectual property;
- Online Abuse and Sexual Gender-Based Violence: Social media channels such as Face book and Instagram have been used as a means of facilitating human trafficking, grooming and sexual exploitation (e.g., by connecting with potential victims through false job advertising or befriending children). In addition, the rampant use of digital technology has led to an increase in online harassment, or unsolicited sexual interactions particularly impacting women and girls.
Only UNHCR country operations are able to apply to the challenge and one submission is accepted per operation. This Expression of Interest should command the support of senior management within the operation.
For the Call for Proposals, awarding of funds will be based on the following criteria equally weighted:
- Challenge: Framing of the Challenge and evidence / data to support it with a key focus on inclusive community engagement, leadership and feedback response.
- Solution: Articulation of the solution in context addressing key aspects covered in the background notes. Specific attention will be give to proposed levels of community engagement / meaningful participation considering diversity and inclusion.
- Impact: Potential Impact of the solution in not only in terms of the number of community members supported, but also how the intervention would affect them in their daily lives and build broader community resilience.
- Feasibility: Based on approach, administration, tentative budget a determination on how viable the project will be. Specific consideration will be given to sustainability strategies including community self-management.
For more information, visit https://www.unhcr.org/innovation/digital-inclusion-call/